Cloud computing, DevOps and Infrastructure as Code
The Cloud computing trend started around 2009, and it continued in 2016 - even so, the grows may slow down.
Looking at the prominent three cloud provider, it seems that AWS (Amazon) and Azure (Microsoft) battling for the pole position. Google App Engine seems to lose ground in this battle.
Cloud computing enables a new kind of service management - DevOps. DevOps describes "[...] a culture, movement or practice that emphasizes the collaboration and communication of both software developers and other information technology (IT) professionals while automating the process of software delivery and infrastructure changes. It aims at establishing a culture and environment where building, testing, and releasing software, can happen rapidly, frequently, and more reliably." (Source)
The DevOps trend started around 2013 and continued to be a hot topic in a lot of IT teams for 2016.
After the massive success of Cloud computing and DevOps, the next logical step is to eliminate manual steps to set up environments. The next big trend may be Infrastructure as Code. Infrastructure as Code defines "[...] the process of managing and provisioning computing infrastructure (processes, bare-metal servers, virtual servers, etc.) and their configuration through machine-processable definition files, rather than physical hardware configuration or the use of interactive configuration tools" (Source)
Big data and Data analysis
Big data is a hot topic starting in 2012. Big Data describes "[...] datasets that are so large or complex that traditional data processing applications are inadequate." (Source) Together with Big Data, data analysis celebrates a renaissance.
I noticed a lot of interest in near-real-time data analysis to enable timely A-B Testing of products enabled by Big data technologies. "A/B testing is a way to compare two versions of a single variable typically by testing a subject’s response to variable A against variable B, and determining which of the two variables is more effective."(Source)
After it's downswing between 2002 to 2006, IT Security continues it was the trend upwards in 2016.
Interesting in this context is the composition of countries which are most impacted by this trend.
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